Kabuli Bagh Mosque- Panipat

Kabuli Bagh Masjid, the first Mughal monument in India, was built by Babar, the first Mughal Ruler of India. It is located in Kabul Bagh Colony of Panipat district. The Masjid is 2 km away from Panipat city. In 1526, Babar, the emperor of the Timuran dynasty, defeated Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi in the first battle of Panipat. This was Mughal’s first victory over Hindustan. Babur constructed Kabuli Bagh Mosque in 1527. Tamarlen (Timur Lung) produced this monument as a show of victory of the Mughals over the Pathan rulers of India. The main building was built in 1527. These auspicious buildings and gardens are still present in the name of Kabuli Bagh, who was called after Babur’s wife – Mussamad Kayli’s origin.
Its architecture is somewhat a replica of the imperial mosques in the Samarkand, in which there is large arched dome. Babur could not fully prepare the architecture, as trained artisans and engineers were not available in India to create such architecture. After Babur’s son Humayun’s victory over Sher Shah Suri near Panipat, he called a “Tiboutara” Fateh Mubarak by adding a tangled platform, on which the inscription was 934 Hijri (1557 CE). An inscription of 1527, in which the description of the name of the king and the queen and the builder is mentioned can be seen in the mosque. This inscription is a separate black marble stone.
The mosque built with bricks and plaster within a compound wall is in the north of the north. There are octagonal-sized towers in the north-west and south-western directions in the corner of the mosque. Its entrance, built with bricks and red sandstone, is to open an attached “bracket type lintel” which is of a large size. The prayer room is large and the measure is covered by 53.75 by 16.5 meters (176 by 54 feet), and a large dome.


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